Anaesthetic or sedation is a condition of temporary, induced reduction of conscious or involuntary sensation or awareness for medical reasons. It can consist of any or all of anesthesia, amnesia, numbness, and unconsciousness. A person under the influence of sedative drugs is generally termed as being sedated.
There are several different types of sedation that may be used in medicine. The most common form is general anesthesia. General anesthesia can be induced by surgery, laser, or insertion of a catheter into the patient’s esophagus. General anesthesia is used mainly to alleviate pain or prevent excessive bleeding after surgery. It is often accompanied by the use of muscle relaxers, muscle stimulators, and antidepressants.
In the case of patients who have undergone dentistry procedures, sedation is also used for preventing the patient from swallowing large objects such as dentures or implants. Sedation dentists generally make use of an anaesthetic spray in this case. In addition to dentistry, sedative is also used for inducing sleep in people suffering from convulsions, epilepsy, or Parkinson’s disease.
General anesthesia is usually administered using general anesthesia inhalant. General anesthesia inhalant can be administered either in the oral form or intravenously.
As there are many different types of sedative, it is best to discuss the anaestheticpossible risks and side effects of each type with your doctor before taking any medication. Ask about any possible side effects and risks associated with the use of each sedative, such as dizziness or lightheadedness, dry mouth, difficulty breathing, increased sensitivity to light, and sound, nausea, increased sensitivity to touch, depression, and drowsiness.